Sam Mugumya listed with M23 rebels



Congo authorities have listed former Kizza Besigye aide, Sam Mugumya, with the March 23 Movement [M23] and also known as the Congolese Revolutionary Army rebels.

Mugumya is still detained in Ndolo military prison in the Congo capital Kinshasa.

FDC sources tell us he has been listed with the M23 Rebels detained with him in the same prison.

“This has implication,” said his friend and FDC youth activist, Moses Byamugyisha.

The intention of linked Mugumya to M23 rebels is still unknown.

The 35-year-old vanished last year only for the army spokesperson, Lt Col Paddy Ankunda, to report that he was arrested and detained in North Kivu province of Congo.

Ankunda said Mugumya was arrested in company of four others with huge sums of dollars and documents linking them to People’s Redemption Army (PRA) rebel outfit in eastern DRC with intentions of overthrowing the Ugandan government.


The Uganda Media Centre executive director, Ofwono Opondo, then shared a photo on twitter of Mugumya in the DRC army detention.

The DRC embassy in Uganda first denied any knowledge of the matter.

Col Olivier Hamuli, a spokesperson of the Congolese army, also known as FARDC of North Kivu province, also denied the arrest.

Later, the commander of the North Kivu FARDC, Brig Gen Muhindo Akili Mundos, admitted to having Mugumya after which he was transported to the capital.

Uganda’s ambassador in DRC, Maj James Kinobe, visited the prison and reported on the situation of the young man and his colleagues; Aggrey Kakama, Alison Kapesha alias Bright Nathan and Sam Kamugisha.

Connection with M23?

M23 was a rebel military group based in eastern areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), mainly operating in the province of North Kivu.

On 20 November 2012, M23 took control of Goma, a provincial capital with a population of one million people, but was requested to evacuate it by the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region because the DRC government had finally agreed to negotiate with them.

In late 2013 Congolese troops, along with UN troops, retook control of Goma and M23 announced a ceasefire, saying it wanted to resume peace talks.

Peace declarations were signed between the DRC Government and M23 rebels on December 12, 2013 in Kenya.

M23, according to a UN report on Congo was sponsored by Kigali and Kampala governments.

This means Mugumya, an opposition activist can have no links with the rebel outfit sponsored by a government he opposed.

Earlier, he was linked to People’s Redemption Army (PRA) allegedly based in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC Congo), founded by renegade Ugandan army officers, and estimated (in 2004) to consist of around 2,000 rebels.

As Uganda entered 2006 Elections, Besigye, was arrested on November 14, 2005 and accused of being the “political leader of the PRA”, sparking demonstrations and violent riots in his support.

Besigye denied any links with PRA, and accused the government of conjuring up the rebel group.

On November 9, 2005, the UN Special Representative to Democratic Republic of the Congo, William Lacy Swing, implicated PRA as one of the foreign armed groups operating in eastern DRC Congo.

In April 2006, the Rwandan president, Paul Kagame, said that a lot has been talked about the PRA and its links with Rwanda, but that the PRA is fictitious and the creation of the Ugandan government.

Mugumya personally denied links with PRA rebels especially after Gen David Sejusa said the lad was kidnapped from Uganda, kept in a safe house and later handed over to Congo for “safe keeping” so as to be used against Besigye in 2016 elections as was the case in 2006 elections.

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