Indeed a new dawn has come to Uganda’s industrial sector because NRM has promoted knowledge-based industries such as ICT, that exploit knowledge in science, technology, and innovation, as well as engineering for capital goods, Agricultural implements, construction materials, fabrication and semi-skilled operations.
The NRM’s government has been committed to promoting industrial research and development as a way of revitalizing industrial activity in the country.
For example, a considerable amount of effort has been invested in the transformation of Uganda Industrial Research Institute (UIRI) into a world class research facility and it was recently elected to the World Association of Industrial and Technological Research Organizations (WAITRO).
This is expected to play a pivotal role in the whole process of industrialization of this country.
Also, in order for local industries to produce products that meet international standards and are competitive on the market, the NRM Government has invested in enhancing the capacity of the Uganda National Bureau of Standards (UNBS), so that it can perform its monitoring, supervisory and regulatory role.
It also regulates and monitors imports in order to ensure that the country is not flooded with cheap substandard items and counterfeits which could kill the local industry.
A number of industries/factories have been enabled to grow while others have started and blossomed during the past 28 years. Some of these deal in foods and beverages processing, stationery, beauty products, steel and metal fabrication, human drugs, etc.
In 2009, Uganda Investment Authority licensed 2,171 new enterprises worth US$ 4.761 billion and 50% of the enterprises have taken off creating 165,819 new jobs.
Private investments as a percentage of GDP have grown from 5.4% to 13%.
The private sector has been revived. Ugandan factories are now manufacturing the basic consumer goods (soap, sugar, beer, water, sodas, iron sheets, tea, etc.).
Between 2009 -2014, a number of development policies have been adopted to drive trade, industry and cooperatives in the country.
These include: The National Industrial Policy, National Cooperatives Policy, Tourism, National Standards and Quality Policy.
These policies are aimed at promoting trade, market access, regional integration, standards and quality assurance, industrial research, cooperative development and product development.
As a result of the Regional and International trade, in 2013 alone, Uganda recorded total export earnings of $2,829 million, which was 2.4% increase from $2,811 million realized in 2012.
About 2000 cooperatives engaged in agro-processing, metal fabrication, furniture, bricks and tiles, pharmaceuticals, and other chemicals, paper, plastics, cosmetics, confectioneries, electrical and electronics, among others were registered in 2013.
In the era of President Yoweri Museveni and the NRM, religion remains at the center of Uganda society as an essential contributor to fundamental change.
Since 1986, Religious institutions have enjoyed freedom of worship and fellowship without any interference. A number of churches, mosques and other religious movements and faiths have been born and nurtured to promote not only moral values but also unity and development in the country.
Related to the above is the inauguration of the National Prayer Breakfast, which was launched in 2012 as an annual event that is commemorated on the eve of Uganda’s Independence anniversary.
The event has since inception offered prime networking opportunity by bringing together key players in the economy, political, the social and religious spheres like members of parliament, religious leaders and the business community in addition to renewing spiritual strength and promoting brotherhood across the country and the region at large.
Just like the political and social economic expanses of the country, Uganda’s cultural fabric too experienced unprecedented suffering before the NRM took over leadership.
However, the situation changed with NRM’s restoration and recognition of various kingdoms in addition to upholding and promoting cultural values at different levels of governance. For example, in 1993 the constitution was amended to legally recognize kingdoms and other cultural institutions.
This consequently paved way for the coronation of Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II who became the Kabaka of Buganda in 1993. Since then, many more kingdoms have been recognized and kings enthroned.
Another important principle of democratic governance that NRM upholds is to give people the power as granted by the constitution.
The NRM believes that “All Power Belongs to the People” through federalization of governmental functions, power and responsibility to the people at the appropriate levels where they can best, manage and direct their own affairs.
In this respect, NRM decentralized powers from the central to district, municipality and sub-county local governments.
Each district has an elected council with an elected chairperson.
The same applies to sub counties and municipalities. New districts and other lower local governments have been created in accordance with the Constitution and the wishes of the people.
The local communities are now fully involved in the process of implementing their own programs under decentralization.