Inside DRC

Leak: M23 rebrands to overthrow Kabila


M23 rebel chief Makenga


Reports from Congo suggest the formation of a new rebel group from the defeated M23 with the aim of overthrowing President Joseph Kabila.

The new rebel movement is called Motion Reconstruction of Christian Congo (MCRC), according to the report.

Gen Sultani Makenga (former March 23 Movement military chief) is the Chief Of Military Operations for MCRC while Laurent Nkunda Mihigo serves as the Chief Of General Staff. quotes Julien Paluku, the governor of the province of North Kivu, who recently told journalists in Goma, that former M23 organized many meetings in Kigali and Uganda to set up a new rebellious group that will be supported by Rwanda.

“James Kabarebe, the great planner of Rwandan-Congolese rebellions, was able to reconcile the former M23 from Masisi or in other words, the Bagogwes as Baudouin Ngaruye and those of Jomba, including Sultani Makenga and Laurent Nkunda.”

The group is said to had last met on April 25, 2015, at Lake Bunyonyi Overland Resort in Kabale district south western Uganda.

The meeting reportedly kicked off at 11:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.

It was chaired by the President of MCRC rebel group, Kahitari Mumvaneza.

At the meeting, participants of this meeting established political and military structures of this new rebellious movement.

Political leaders of the movement

The movement’s political wing will be led by Kahitari Mumvaneza (President) with Bertrand Bisimwa as Vice President.

Benjamin Mbonimpa is the Executive Secretary, Master Mutela ELI, Chief of Staff, Oscar Ndambije, OCC, northbound, Col Castro: Minister of Finance, Kind, Vice Finance Minister.

It has members who have links in Canada, France and Rwanda including Kalisa Emmanuel, Munambizi Pascal, Nturikumwe J.Bosco, Prospere Mugenzi (France), Mbobokongira Blaise (France), Kabarege John Bosco (Rwanda) and Mr. Kentos Santos (Canada).

Military leaders of the moment

Laurent Nkunda Mihigo serves as the Chief Of General Staff, Sultani Makenga, Chief Of Military Operations, Mboneza Yusufu, Etm Deputy Chief For Operations And Information, Ermain Bahame: Etm Deputy Chief In Charge Of Administration And Logistics, Innocent Kayina, Deputy In Charge Of Military Operations, Innocent Zimurinda-Katusi: Commander Axis-Rwanda and Richard Bisamaza as Commander Axis-Uganda.

Others are; Secopere Mihigo, In Charge Of Military Intelligence, Lt Col Bahati Kaziga, Col Bahati Zimarimbeho: Rdf / Rwanda, Col Habimana J Damascene: Rdf / Rwanda and Ntegeyiminsi Rutinigigwa: Rdf / Rwanda.

The next meeting will be held on Tuesday May 5, 2015 in Kisoro south western Uganda.

The rebranded M23

Led by Makenga, March 23 Movement, was a rebel military group based in eastern areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Makenga who faces sanctions by the United Nations Security Council denied accusations that the M23 rebellion is backed by Rwanda.

His faction of the M23 have clashed with those loyal to its political leader, Jean-Marie Runiga Lugerero.

In May 2013, the M23 rebels clashed with FARDC (Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and there were rumours that Makenga got badly wounded and died.

On November 7, 2013, after the M23 was defeated by the FARDC backed by the UN FIB (Force Intervention Brigade), Makenga surrendered with hundreds of M23 fighters in Mgahinga National Park, Uganda.

A peace agreement was reached in Kampala between the rebels and Congo government.


The Democratic Republic of Congo on Thursday granted amnesty to around 375 ex-members of the defeated M23 rebel movement.

Some 1,300 rebels fled to Uganda and others took refuge in Rwanda after their insurgency was crushed.

According to decrees from DR Congo’s justice ministry read out on public television, the amnesty law covers insurgent acts, acts of war and political offences.

The amnesty does not include offences like crimes against humanity, war crimes, terrorism, torture, sexual violence, use or conscription of children, embezzlement of public funds and looting.

Of the ex-rebels benefitting from the amnesty about 30 were locked up in the Congolese capital Kinshasa, 220 others in Uganda, 122 in Rwanda and four others in Goma.


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