Peace treaty: Machar signs, Kiir refuses

South Sudan president, Salva Kiir, has agreed to sign a peace agreement with his rival Riek Machar.

Riek Machar signed on behalf of the armed opposition while Pagan Amin, the SPLM Secretary General, signed on behalf of former political detainees.


Machar and Amum signing the peace agreement

Present at the signing were President Uhuru Kenyatta, Ethiopia Prime Minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, and African Union chair Dlamini Zuma.

Kiir refuses to sign 

President Kiir just shook hands with rebel leader Machar as they entered hall and never signed the agreement.

“Peace that cannot be sustained cannot be signed,” pointed out, saying he still had reservations about the agreement.

“If it is signed today and then tomorrow we go back to war, then what have we achieved?” he wondered.


Kiir entering the hall

IGAD chief mediator, Seyoum Mesfin, said signing is a great stride in South Sudan peace process.

He thanked Kiir for witnessing signing confirming that government had some reservations but “will sign in 15 days”.

UK minister for Africa, Rt Hon Grant Shapps, in his speech asked Kiir as a must to sign the deal soon.

“There is no time to celebrate,” he noted.

Part of the deal signed today established a hybrid court to prosecute those accused of crimes in South Sudan.

In the latest version of the peace deal, Machar will not have a clear majority anymore in the three states of Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei contrary to the first draft.

Earlier on, Kiir and Machar walked out on Sudanese president, Omar al-Bashir and Ugandan president, Yoweri Museveni, over the same issue.


Kiir in Addis

The two warring leaders had today August 17 as the deadline or the US implements plan B against them.

This is the second official peace agreement since the civil war started in December 2013.

The parties also signed several times a recommitment to the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement but none of them kept the deal.

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