Rwanda has dismissed allegations in a leaked UN report that it is training Burundian refugees who want to overthrow President Pierre Nkurunziza.
The report, which has been seen by the Reuters news agency, is based on evidence from 18 Burundian fighters.
Similar allegations have been made by Burundi’s government.
A political crisis in the country, sparked by President Nkurunziza’s decision to run for a third term last April, has led thousands to flee.
Seventy thousand of the 240,000 Burundians who have left the country since the crisis began are living in Rwanda.
“The unfounded allegations come from the fact that Rwanda has been hosting refugees considered hostile to [the government in Burundi’s capital] Bujumbura,” Rwanda’s Foreign Minister Louise Mushikiwabo said in a statement emailed to the BBC.
The UN experts behind the report gathered the evidence in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo, where they are monitoring UN sanctions.
The Burundian fighters told them that they had been recruited in May and June last year and given two months of military training by the Rwandans, and then given fake identity cards to cross into DR Congo, Reuters reports.
They also said there were four companies, each made up of 100 Burundian rebels, still in Rwanda. In dismissing this evidence, Ms Mushikiwabo said the crisis in Burundi was of the country’s “own making” and people should focus on that rather than “look for scapegoats”.
On Wednesday, Burundi’s ruling CNDD-FDD party accused Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame of plotting to overthrow President Nkurunziza.
Burundi’s Foreign Minister Alain Nyamwite told journalists that the leaked UN report provided further evidence of what the government had been saying.
Last July, Burundi’s government said that Rwanda had allowed rebels to cross into the north-west of the country.