Struck by suicide bombers 10 days ago, the airport known as “the heart of Europe” has stopped beating temporarily, causing headaches for thousands of business and vacation travellers, and painful financial losses for Belgium’s capital and tourism industry.
Though previous reports said the Brussels airport would partially reopen Friday, it’s once again unclear when it will reopen, even after a meeting Friday by Prime Minister Charles Michel and key members of the government.
Police unions have demanded tighter screening of passengers and baggage before both are allowed back into the facility, and they threatened to strike if their demands aren’t met. Negotiations with an interior ministry representative were continuing Friday evening, with union representatives reporting progress.
Loss of 8,000 to 10,000 visitors per day
Patrick Bontinck, general manager of Visit Brussels, the official municipal tourist organization, said hotel reservations have dropped by half since the March 22 attacks on the airport and Brussels metro, meaning a loss of 8,000 to 10,000 visitors a day to the city, which is home to the headquarters of the European Union and U.S.-led NATO alliance and styles itself as “the capital of Europe.”
One cause for the drop in business, Bontinck said, is the suspension of the 600 daily passenger flights to and from the Brussels airport, transporting more than 1.5 million passengers in February. But he said there has also been an overall “decline in image” for Belgium’s capital, a popular destination for lovers of beer, chocolate and Flemish art and architecture. The city has been identified in countless international media accounts as a hotbed of Islamic radicalism.
Brussels may not be the only capital to be suffering economic consequences from the bloodiest explosion of extremist violence in Belgium since the Second World War. Bontinck said figures received by his office indicated hotel reservations over the same period dropped 35 per cent in Paris, 38 per cent in Berlin and 29 per cent in London.
“The impact is general,” he said.
TUI Belgium, one of Belgium’s biggest tour operators, said the attacks came at a tough time for the industry: just days before the two-week Easter school vacation.
The company said that it only cancelled one flight from Brussels airport, on the same day two suicide bombers struck the departure hall, killing 16 people. A separate suicide bomber in a metro train killed another 16 people.
TUI spokeswoman Florence Bruyere said a convoy of buses was quickly put in place, running travellers to and from Brussels to another airport on the North Sea coast at Ostend.
“We were all shocked and shaken by the attacks, but life continues. Family holidays are really important,” she said. “People have made plans, they’ve made reservations, and they really want to head off on vacation.”
According to Eurocontrol, the European agency for air traffic control, since the suspension of passenger service, some airlines, like TUI, have been using smaller airports in Belgium, including at Liege, Charleroi and Antwerp, while other carriers are shuttling passengers to and from Brussels by bus from major European air hubs like Frankfurt.
But many travellers have been inconvenienced. Three groups of 17 students and three adult chaperones from Freed-Hardeman University in Henderson, Tenn., on spring study programs were supposed to rendezvous in Brussels the day of the bombings. Instead, the group flying in from Athens was diverted to Duesseldorf, Germany, their colleagues in Spain had to wait a day and fly to Frankfurt, and students who expected to travel to Brussels by train from London had to go to Frankfurt by jet as well.
“It took us 48 hours to get all the kids back together,” said Barbara England, chairman of the university’s department of fine arts. Organizers decided to cut the semester short, but due to the continuing travel disruptions caused by the Brussels attacks, she said, “it took us a week to get back to Tennessee.”
Brussels airport CEO Arnaud Feist told RTBF state broadcasting that temporary repairs now completed will permit the processing of 800 passengers an hour, about 20 per cent of the airport’s original capacity. Feist said he hopes terminal areas heavily damaged by the bombs can be rebuilt in time to restore full capacity by the onset of summer vacation season.
According to airport officials, the arrivals area was only slightly damaged, and passengers flying into Brussels will go through the usual baggage claim and other procedures.