Ugandan leader, Yoweri Museveni, has won 2016 general elections officially earning himself a fifth term of office [2016-2021].
Museveni has been declared the winner Saturday February 20, 2016 by the electoral commission chairman, Eng Badru Kiggundu.
Museveni won all the ten rounds of the provisional results released by the commission since polling day on Thursday.
In total, Museveni won the election with 60.75%.
His closest challenger and opposition Forum for Democratic Change [FDC] candidate, Kizza Besigye, got 35.3%.
Former Prime Minister and Go Forward candidate, Amama Mbabazi got 1.43%.
People’s Development Party [PDP] president, Abed Bwanika, got 0.9%.
Farmers Party president, Maj Gen Benon Biraaro, got 0.27%.
Independent candidate and former Makerere University vice chancellor, Prof Venansius Baryamureeba, got 0.55%.
Independent candidate Elton Joseph Mabirizi got 0.26%.
The only female candidate, Maureen Kyalya got 0.44%.
The first round announced on Thursday at midnight was from 580 polling stations of the total 28,010 polling stations across the country.
Maj Gen Benon Biraaro has 627 votes translating into 0.34%.
Prof Venansius Baryamureeba has 984 votes representing 0.53%.
Abed Bwanika has 1,723 votes [0.94%].
Joseph Mabirizi has 503 which translates into 0.27%.
Only female presidential candidate, Maureen Kyalya has 1,141 votes [0.62%].
Go Forward candidate, Amama Mbabazi, has 2,246 votes [1.22%].
Forum for Democratic Change [FDC] candidate, Kizza Besigye, polled 59,695 [32.4%].
In the lead is President Museveni with 117,298 votes [63.17%].
President Museveni stretched his early lead by Friday morning according to results from the 6,448 polling stations.
Candidate Abed Bwanika got 22,180 votes [1.00%].
Go Forward candidate Amama Mbabazi got 41,291 votes [1.87%].
Prof Venansius Baryamureeba got 15,260 votes [0.69%].
FDC candidate got 738,628 votes making [33.4%].
Joseph Mabirizi got 6,833 votes [0.31%].
Candidate Yoweri Museveni who remains in the lead got 1,362,961 votes [61.75%].
There was controversy when President Museveni polled 706 votes in his home town Rushere leaving Besigye to pick only 2 votes.
The total number of registered voters in Rushere is 437 voters.
The electoral commission is yet to explain where the surplus of 271 votes came from.
In the third round of provisional results from 83 out of the 112 districts in Uganda and 10,246 polling stations showed Museveni still leading with 62.03% followed by Besigye with 33.4%.
Opposition boycott process
The results shocked representatives of other presidential candidates at the tallying centre as well as journalists since the tallying computers were “seated idle” with no one on them as Kiggundu came in with a written document reading out results and percentages.
The dissatisfied representatives of presidential candidates stormed out of Namboole in protest as Kiggundu warned against announcing of results from parallel tally centres.
Museveni leads 4th, 5th,6th,7th and 8th rounds
President Museveni still led his challengers in the fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth rounds.
The fourth and fifth rounds were announced Friday evening from 12,465 polling stations across the country.
President Museveni was leading with 2,715, 914 votes [62.8%] trailed by Besigye with 1,414,708 votes [32.72%].
In the fifth round of the results from 13,305 polling stations had Abed Bwanika with 45,370 votes [0.98%], Amama Mbabazi 80,893 votes [1.75%], Venansius Baryamureeba with 31,331 votes [0.86%], Joseph Mabirizi with 13,660 votes [0.3%], Benon Biraaro 14,469 [0.3%], Maureen Kyalya 23076 votes [0.5%].
Besigye had 1,507,495 votes [32.66%] while the incumbent had 2,900,109 votes [62.82%].
In the sixth provisional results from 14,708 polling stations, Besigye has 1,767,041 votes [34.30%] while Museveni leads with 3,155,070 votes [61.27%].
Abed Bwanika has 51,150 votes [0.99%], Amama Mbabazi has 88,900 votes [1.73%], Venansius Baryamureeba has 33,135 votes [0.64%], Benon Biraaro has 15,588 votes [0.30%], Joseph Mabirizi has 14,757 votes [0.29%] and Maureen Kyalya 24,536 votes [0.48%].
In the seventh update, results from 15,801 polling stations show Museveni in the lead with 3,373,998 votes [60.8%] followed by Besigye with 1,932,323 votes [34.8%].
In the eighth update, results from 21,254 polling stations show Museveni in the lead with 4,549,148 votes [61.05%] followed by Besigye with 2,603,880 votes [34.4%].
Abed Bwanika has 78,708 votes [0.95%], Amama Mbabazi 112,071 votes [1.50%], Venansius Baryamureeba 42,931 votes [0.58%], Benon Biraaro 20,553 votes [0.28%], Joseph Mabirizi 19,661 votes [0.2%] and Maureen Kyalya 32,773 votes [0.44%].
Museveni leads 9th and 10th rounds
President Museveni was still leading in both the ninth and tenth rounds of the provisional results from 23,308 polling stations of 28,010 total polling stations in the country.
Museveni had 5,047,754 votes [61.55%] with Kizza Besigye following at 2,826,444 votes [34.47%].
The tenth round results came from 24,342 polling stations making it 86.9% of the 28,010 polling stations.
Besigye had 2,920,664 votes [34.18%] while Museveni got 5,288,074 [61.88%].
Election observers speak
Intergovernmental Authority on Development [IGAD] and European Union [EU] observers said the Thursday February 18, 2016 elections were questionable.
Former Tanzania President, Hassan Mwinyi, who led the East African Observer Mission, said the polls were the most competitive in Uganda’s history.
The head of IGAD Observer Mission, Yufnalis Okubo, said they observed delays in delivery of election materials.
According to African Union Observer Mission, police used heavy handedness and only targeted opposition.
Chief Observer of European Union Election Observation Mission, Eduard Kukan, said the ruling party NRM “created an intimidating atmosphere for candidates and supporters up to election day”.
He cited police storming of FDC headquarters and arresting Besigye for the fourth time in one week saying it was “unacceptable”.
Besigye was first arrested on Monday along Jinja road in Kampala and detained at Central Police Station and Kira road police stations.
He was arrested the second time that evening and detained at Wandegeya police station.
He was then arrested the third time on Thursday [Election Day] in Naguru where he burst a “rigging government tally centre” and detained at Kasangati police station before being taken back home.
On Friday, he was arrested from FDC offices in Najjanankumbi along Entebbe road and detained at Nagalama police station in Mukono.
He was later released and put under house arrest at his home in Kasangati.
“Yes, he is at his home. Let him be there until results are announced,” Police spokesman, Fred Enanga said, while appearing on UBC Star TV Saturday afternoon.
Opposition releases parallel results
Meanwhile, police said Besigye, Ingrid Turinawe [Secretary for Mobilisation], Party president Mugisha Muntu and chairman, Birigwa Wasswa, were arrested for trying to release results parallel to those EC was reading out.
FDC insisted and released its own results from its own tallying centre.
Army takes over Kampala to quell unrest
The army deployed on Kampala streets to contain the unrest that broke out in several parts.
Bullets and teargas were reported on Entebbe road, Kisenyi, Kisekka market, Katwe, and other parts.
Outside Kampala, bullets were reported in Masaka, Kasese, Gulu and other towns.
The observers say the arrest, harassment and intimidation of opposition supporters was reported in more than 20 districts.
EU observers hinted at government using public resources to bribe voters to elect the president.
“It is disturbing to hear that state funds are used to pay supporters to vote for a candidate.”
They said the incumbent was also given more prime time on televisions [11 hours] as opposed to opposition [4 minutes] hence the ground was not levelled.
When asked whether elections were free or fair, EU observers said: “The glass is half-full, the glass if half-empty.”
The head of the Commonwealth Observer Group, former President of Nigeria Olusegun Obasanjo, said delays were “inexcusable.”
Local election Observers said the high handedness of Uganda Police and other security agencies against opposition politicians and the public sparked off election violence.
Crispy Kaheru, the Executive Director Citizens’ Coalition for Electoral Democracy Uganda (CCEDU) says during this critical time when the electoral emotions are high, police ought to restrain from being brutal and abusing the human rights of Ugandans as it may fuel electoral violence.
Dr Martin Mwondha, the National Coordinator Citizens Election Observers Network-Uganda (CEON-U) says, the police despite its past record was expected to help achieve a free, fair and peaceful election which they have failed.
Rupiah Banda, the head of Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa [EISA] Mission cited violence and intimidation.
He said the biometric machines were a positive measure but created uncertainty which was worse by crime preventers, the detention of Besigye and blockage of social media platforms; Facebook, WhatsApp, YouTube, Twitter and mobile money platforms.
Banda said the state owned media only concentrated on the incumbent.
The Commonwealth Observer Mission said the use of the basing compromised the ballot.
About the winner:
Museveni was involved in rebellions that toppled Ugandan leaders Idi Amin (1971–79) and Milton Obote (1980–85).
With the notable exception of the north, President Museveni has brought relative stability and economic growth to a country that has endured decades of rebel activity and civil war.
His tenure has also witnessed one of the most effective national responses to HIV/AIDS in Africa.
In the mid to late 1990s, Museveni was fêted by the West as part of a new generation of African leaders.
His presidency has been marred, however, by involvement in civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo and other Great Lakes region conflicts.
Rebellion in the north by the Lord’s Resistance Army had perpetuated a drastic humanitarian emergency.
Restrictions on political pluralism and a 2005 referendum and constitution change scrapping limits on presidential terms, enabling extension of his rule, have attracted recent concern from domestic commentators and the international community.
Terms of office
1996–2001: A new democratic mandate
The first Elections under Museveni’s governance were held on 9 May 1996. Museveni defeated Paul Ssemogerere of the Democratic Party, who contested the election as a candidate for the “Inter-party forces coalition”, and the upstart candidate, Mohamed Mayanja.
Museveni won with a landslide 75.5 per cent of the vote from a turnout of 72.6 per cent of eligible voters.
The second set of elections were held in 2001. President Museveni beat his rival Kizza Besigye as he sailed through with 69% of the vote.
Dr Besigye had been a close confidant of the president and he was his bush war physician.
February 2006 elections
On 17 November 2005, Museveni was chosen as NRMs presidential candidate for the February 2006 elections.
His candidacy for a further third term sparked criticism, as he had promised in 2001 that he was contesting for the last term.
2011–present: Fourth term
Museveni was re-elected on 20 February 2011 with a 68 percent majority with 59 percent of registered voters having voted.
2016-2021: Fifth term
According to the just announced results, Museveni is the next president of Uganda until 2021.